If you want to avoid developing calluses or corns
, proper foot care is crucial. For most calluses, the same tools used for prevention will eventually lead to the elimination of calluses
; only the most serious or recurring cases require professional intervention.
- Well-fitting shoes. Shoes that fit right are critical. Ask a professional to help you figure out your exact shoe size, and make sure your shoes feel snug but not tight when laced and tied. You should have a little room to wiggle your toes.
- Cushions and covers. Socks, special padding for abnormalities, and other forms of cushioning and covering will drastically reduce the formation of calluses on your feet.
- Inserts. Special inserts for your shoes are the number one form of treatment and prevention.
- Soaking. Soaking your feet in a hot bath, whether as part of your normal bathing or via foot bath, will keep skin pliable and soft.
- Abrasion. Abrasive hygiene tools such as a pumice stone or nail file can help keep calluses under control.
- Moisturizing. Keeping your skin moisturized with lotion and personal hydration will also prevent the formation of calluses.
- Trimming. With severe calluses, a medical professional can trim using a scalpel or other cutting tool. This is best left to professionals, as there can be a risk of infection if done improperly.
- Surgery. In recurrent cases of severe callus formation due to bone or skin abnormalities, surgery may be the only viable treatment.
Most calluses aren’t a problem unless they bother you, while corns can be painful but will often resolve on their own. If you have lengthy or severe callus or corn formation
, and can’t seem to avoid friction due to abnormalities or health issues, a foot and ankle specialist can help.