Ingrown toenails typically affect the big toe and occur when a portion of your nail grows into the soft flesh around it. Ingrown toenails are very common and some individuals are simply more prone to experience the issue.
Ingrown toenails can be caused by poorly fitting shoes, poor foot hygiene, and many other causes. To reduce the symptoms of ingrown toenails:
Toenails thicken because of many different causes. Thickening occurs naturally with age, but is also the result of fungal or bacterial infections, major trauma to the nail, or repetitive pressure from activities like running or walking. Thickened nails can be painful to the touch, and may appear ridged, brittle, or yellowish.
Reducing the symptoms of a thickened toenail depends on the cause of the issue. Your doctor may suggest some of the following treatments:
Toenails that turn black and blue are the result of an injury to the skin beneath the nail. The condition is common in runners, soccer players, and other athletes who perform repetitive or forceful motions for prolonged periods of time. Improperly fitting footwear is one common cause because inadequate space in the toebox causes toes to hit the top, sides, or front of the shoe. In addition, a violent impact to the toe can result in black and blue nails.