A fissure is a split in the skin, and the most common area to see a fissure form is on the heel. Fissures are a result of dry skin – when your skin is not hydrated enough, it can become rough and flaky, and possibly split apart, forming a fissure. The same problem can happen when skin is too moist. When your feet can’t or don’t ventilate properly, the excess moisture can encourage fungus and bacteria to grow. The skin then becomes weakened, which can lead to cracks. Finding the right balance of moisture is important to maintain a healthy environment for your feet that prevents fissures and cracks.
Fissures often affect individuals who frequently walk around barefoot or wear sandals or open shoes. Cracks that result from overly moist skin occur for those who do not properly dry feet after bathing, sweat excessively, wear shoes without socks, or wear shoes that don’t ventilate well. Symptoms include:
A combination of lifestyle changes and treatment from your podiatrist can reduce the symptoms of heel fissures. You can reduce symptoms by:
Fissures caused by dry skin:
Fissures caused by moist skin: