Your skin needs moisture in order to stay healthy and operate efficiently, but it can be hard to make sure you are getting enough moisture on your feet. At the same time, too much moisture can lead to problems. Fissures are cracks on your skin, typically found on the heels, which can be caused by both too much and too little moisture. Finding the perfect balance of moisture and dryness is important for healing and preventing fissures.
Without treatment, hard, dry, and flaky skin can lead to severe pain and even bleeding. Factors that increase your risk for developing fissures include obesity, going barefoot, wearing open shoes, and living in dry climates.
There are many ointments that you can use at home to help heal fissures. Your doctor will be able to suggest or prescribe the ones that will work best for you. In some cases, your doctor might need to remove rough patches and then bandage the area. You should continue to dry your feet carefully and apply moisturizer to help speed along the healing process, unless your doctor has other instructions.